Why is blood pressure higher in the morning? The increase in blood pressure in the morning starts between 6:00 am to early afternoon. This is due to the hormones your body releases called the adrenaline and noradrenaline. In this article, we will put you through the symptoms, causes and every other important information you need to get about having a high blood pressure in the morning.
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Blood pressure refers to the force with which blood is pumped in the heart around the circulatory system. A normal blood pressure reading should be less than 135/85mm HV. As the heart bears faster in the morning, blood pressure tends to increase.
Blood pressure is known to be lower at night while you sleep and rises some hours after you wake up. It continues till afternoon then it drops at latest evening. Having a high blood pressure in the morning is called morning hypertension. It can cause the victim a heart attack and a stroke.
Symptoms of High Blood Pressure
Although high blood pressure does not really have symptoms. These could be a signal that you have an high blood pressure.
- Chest pain
- Facial tingling
- Blood spots in the eyes
- Severe headache
Why is Blood Pressure Higher in the Morning: Causes
Circadian rhythm is the main reason why blood pressure increases as soon as you wake up in the morning. Circadian rhythm is referred to a 24 hours cycle that affects both your sleep and wake up patterns.
As earlier said, the increase in blood pressure in the morning starts between 6:00am to early afternoon. This is due to the hormones your body releases called the adrenaline and noradrenaline. These hormones boosts your energy but also rises your blood pressure.
Other common causes of a high blood pressure in the morning includes;
1. Taking medications that is low in dosage to treat your high blood pressure could further increase it.
2. Taking a single antihypertensive medication instead of a combination of medicines prescribed by your doctor give you a serious high blood pressure.
3. Some medical conditions such as; diabetes, kidney disease, cardiovascular disease, high cholesterol, scleroderma, thyroid disorder s and even an untreated blood pressure.
5. Over thinking
6. Eating salty meals
7. Eating meals high in saturated fat
9. Taking too much alcohol
10. Excess intake of caffeine
How Do you know you have Morning High Blood Pressure
It is important to monitor your blood pressure every morning with a home blood pressure monitor. These devices are usually available for purchase at hospitals. You can also find them in your neighboring pharmacy. There are various types of blood pressure monitors which includes; the automatic models and the manual models.
Before purchasing a blood pressure monitor to know why is blood pressure higher in the morning, you need to decide which you want to use (automatic or manual), endeavor to select the proper cuff size that matches the distance around your arm because if you use an incorrect cuff size, you would get a wrong result of blood pressure that is not yours.
Who do you think is mostly at risk to a high Blood Pressure in the Morning
The following can increase a person’s risk to developing high blood pressure in the morning;
- Excessive stress
- An heredity (from parents or relative)
- Excessive alcohol intake
- Age (above 50 years)
- Insufficient or disturbed sleep.
- Diabetes patience.
- Being overweight
- Having a high cholesterol level
How do you Measure Your Morning High Blood Pressure
You can do this all by yourself but you need to have a home blood pressure monitor to do this check up. The proper guidelines to measuring blood pressure at home includes;
- Before you measure your blood pressure, you need to empty your bladder.
- Rest calmly for about 5 minutes before you begin measuring your blood pressure.
Note; you must avoid drinking of alcohol, tobacco, smoking and exercise 30 minutes to the time you need to measure your blood pressure.
1. When you are measuring your blood pressure, take readings early in the morning at about 6:00am.
2. Remember to take your readings same time everyday.
3. Sit with your back straight and your leg crossed with feet flat on the ground.
4. Rest your arm on a flat surface to enable your upper arm be around your heart level.
5. Place the cuff on the arm so that the bottom of the cuff will be directly above your elbow.
6. Take your readings two to three times with the timing of 1 minute apart and calculate the average reading value.
7. Keep a record of all your readings cause this will help the Doctor to know how better or worse you are getting and the right treatment to administer to you.
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Diagnosis for a Regular High Blood Pressure in the Morning
You may be diagnosed of blood pressure by your Doctor if your readings are higher than 120/80 or lower than 130/ 80. This is a physical examination. If need be, you might be expected to carry out some test to confirm. This tests includes;
- A blood test
- A urine test
- An echo cardiogram which is an ultrasound of the heart.
- An electrocardiogram which traces the electrical activities of the heart.
How to Prevent a High Blood Pressure in the Morning
You can actually prevent an high blood pressure from ever occurring in the morning through the following ways;
- Take your prescribed blood pressure medications.
- Keep your blood pressure reading records up to date.
- Eat balance diets
- Reduce your alcohol intake
- Avoid smoking and taking tobacco.
- Exercise regularly
- Practice yoga or meditation to help you stay calm.
Blood pressure fluctuates through out the day and also at night. It is very normal. However, most people get an increase in blood pressure reading in the morning and this cab increase the person’s risk to more problems.
It is essential to carefully check and keep records of your blood pressure to avoid a high blood pressure in the morning which as earlier mentioned is also known as “morning hypertension”.