Facts about cataracts
Cataracts is one of the possible and chronic eye disease that is very popular. A lot of reported eye problem is always diagnosed to be cataract.
Cataracts has to do with a cloudy vision, a person that has cataract suffers from blurred vision and is unable to see things clearly.
Cataracts as an eye disease can stay for years or very a very long time but preventive steps has to be taken because the longer it stays the more risky it becomes.it usually develop in both eyes but the cataracts on one side of the eye can be more influencing that the other.
At times. it starts in a very slow unnoticed condition but as it grows it begins to open up the effects.
However, one good thing about cataract is that it can be treated, cataracts can be treated both medically and naturally. Cataracts undergoes medical diagnosis.
Moreover, over 100,000 (one hundred thousand) cases of cataracts are being reported yearly in Nigeria.
What is Cataracts?
Cataract can be defined as an eye disease in which the lens of the eye is cloudy causing a blurred vision.
Whenever a cataracts patient views any object it looks as if there is frost i.e as the moisture that usually drops early in the morning during harmattan period making it difficult for the sufferer to detect the real nature of objects or anything that he or she views.
Formation of Cataracts
Cataract is formed in the lens behind the IRIS. The iris is the coloured part of the eye.
The lens behind the iris focuses the light that is passed into the eye which enables the retina to produce clear and sharp images. The retina is a membrane in the eye which helps to detect the light that passes into the eye.
As one increases in age, the lenses becomes thicker, less flexible as well as less transparent. Increase in age will cause the eye tissue to break down and stick to each other causing blockage to areas in the lens.
As one ages, the blockage gets wider and cover a larger part in the lens when this happens the light that passes into the eye can no longer penetrate to reach the retina resulting in a blurred image.
Types of Cataracts
- Nuclear Cataracts: Nuclear cataracts is the type of cataract that affects the centre of the lens.it can cause nearsightedness. At the initial stage of a nuclear cataract it can be manageable but as time goes on it causes more effects. The lens turns yellow as time goes on it turns brown which can lead to inability to detect colour.
- Posterior subcapsular cataracts: from the name posterior, it is the type of cataract that affects the back part of the lens. It begins small in an opaque area at the back of the lens in the path where light travels into the eye. It then causes interference to bright light and causes glare and halos around light at night.
- Cortical cataracts: cortical cataract is a type of cataract the affects the edges of the lens and as time goes on it extends to the centre of the lens causing an interference with the light what passes into the eye.
- Congenital cataracts: this type of cataract happens in people that were born with the disease. It is usually as a result of genes or trauma.
Causes of Cataracts
The causes of cataract differs from person to person
- Cataract can develop as a result of increase in age or injuries that causes damage to the tissue that makes up the eye lens.
- Exposure of the eye to hazardous chemical.
- Cataract can also be caused from the effect of an existing disease such as diabetes.
- It can also be caused by the use of some steroid medications fr a long time
- Cataract can be caused from an existing eye problem
- It can also be caused by genes if your linage has suffered from such disease in time past.
What Are the Factors That Triggers the Risk of Cataracts
- Age: The risk of cataracts increases with an increase in age of the patient
- Diabetes: too much blood sugar leads to worning out of the tissues that connects the lens in the iris leading to an increased effect of cataract.
- Chain smoking: smoking kills the cells in the eye that help to promote clear vision.
- Drinking too much of alcohol also increases the risk of cataract
- High blood pressure can also trigger the risk of cataracts
- Corticosteroid: corticosteroid are medicines that are used to provide relief from inflammatory infections example are bethamethasone (celestone), prednisolone (orapred Prelone), prednisone (Prednisone Intensole), triamcinolone ( Aristopan Intra-Articular, Aristopan Intralesional, Kenalog and Methyl prednisolone (Medrol, Depo-Medrol, Solu-Medrol).
- A person that has already undergone an eye surgery can have an increased risk of cataracts.
- Overexposure of the eye to excessive sunlight
- Also another factor that increases the risk of cataract is a previous eye injury or having an inflammatory disease such as leprosy.
Symptoms of Cataracts
- Cataracts makes the eye to be sensitive to light and glare
- It makes vision blurred, clouded and a dimmed vision
- Poor sensitivity to colour such as all objects tend to become yellow
- Difficulty to see things at night
- The sufferer sees halos around light
- Inability to read
- Need for brighter light
- Objects appears doubles when you view it.
Medical Ways to Prevent Cataracts
Use of statin medicine which helps to reduce cholesterol example of statin medicines includes atorvastatin (lipitor), lovastatin (Mevacor, altoprey), pravastatin (Pravachol), fluvastatin (Lescol, lescol XL), simvastatin (Zocor) and pitavastatin (Livalo).
Ensure that you take the following medications according to the doctor’s prescription as higher doses of statin medicines can lead to an increased risk of cataracts.
Recently, a supplement called vision vitale capsule has been proven to provide 100% cure to cataract.
Natural Ways to Treating Cataracts
- Omega-3 fatty acids: omega 3 fatty acids helps in keeping the eye lens healthy.
DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) is the primary omega-3 fatty acids. It is mostly found in fishes such as salmon, mackerel etc.
- Fruits: eating fresh fruit with high anti-inflammatory properties, eating fresh fruits helps to treat cataracts, fruits such as avocado pear is very effective. Also red coloured fruits rich in vitamin c such as orange, carrots etc. helps in giving a clear vision and reducing the risk of cataract.
- Eggs: eggs contains carotenoids which the body absorbs faster from eggs than vegetables. Eggs is very effective in treating cataract you can also open eggs, stir it and drink it raw.
- Green Vegetables and other coloured vegetables: green vegetables such as spinach, kale swiss chard are rich in carotenoid, lutein which is good for the eye.
Also coloured vegetables such as red bell pepper is rich in vitamin c helps to support a clear vision.
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